The role of national heritage in parenting



The State Museum of the State Cultural Center of Turkmenistan invites those who wishes to the exhibition named «The role of national heritage in parenting» devoted to the year «Turkmenistan - the Motherland of prosperity», which will be held on the 18 of July 2019 at 10:00.

Turkmen people which are one of the ancient people, have an original national customs, their own inner world. This originality in the soul of the Turkmens is shown in their traditions, behaviour in everyday life and deeds. The upbringing of the children of Turkmens is carried out by means of an example. The child is brought up, following an example from parents and elders. Also among Turkmens the big educational importance have the traditions, which pass throughout centuries from generation to generation. So long as these traditions make everybody get used to good manners. The child imitating traditions of the people, environment, conduct himself as they do, gets used to good manners with the lapse of time. Turkmen people give great value to these rules. National traditions become the unwritten law for Turkmens. The first, that burst upon the eye – respect of elders by younger Turkmens. In the Turkmen family and not only in the family, but also in a society elders are highly thought of. They are rendered a special honour. That’s why Turkmens say “The best upbringing – respect for elders”. In the state museum of State cultural centre of Turkmenistan is also carried out a lot of work in upbringing of children by means of traditions of the Turkmen people and museum values. On the 18-th of July 2019 in the State museum of the State cultural centre of Turkmenistan was organized the educational seminar connected with a national heritage named «The Role of national heritage in parenting» and an exhibition within its network. At this exhibition have been presented the museum values connected with upbringing of children. Children's toys take the main place. The big complete set of national children's toys is stored at the State museum. These toys are one of the first exhibits collected by the museum. The collecting of Turkmen national children's toys has big historical and ethnographic value. As far as by means of children's toys and games, in consciousness of the child a life the Turkman seemd to be surprising and interesting, and simple at the same time. Among children's games and toys there are joint and separate games, both for girls and boys.

The children's toys stored at the State museum of Turkmenistan are various by their properties and a way of their use. As well as each people Turkmen parents tried to bring up their generation like men of desert. In this case it is necessary to note diligence of mothers. As far as children at a very young age are in the majority under supervision of mother. There were many cases when mothers made for children dolls, toys and, even, bow with arrows. Except children's toys, there are values, which are used in adolescent games. There are dice for «duzzim», «ashiratdy» games, chess.

Children's garments are also presented at the exhibition. Kurte, a bib, embroidered skullcaps, gadak and dresses belong to national children's clothes and these clothes had an original way of wearing. There was no distinction between clothes of boys and girls up to 5 years. When they were 5 year old, their clothes differed. National jewellery is also the adornment of the exhibition. They were intended only for children. Among them are: ok-yai, kurtegulak, yazma, gochbuynuz, yelpevach, bazbent, Burma, which also had an original way of wearing. We shall tell about some of them; ok-yai was put on a back, it was considered to be the protection of the child from an evil eye. Бурма was fastened to a foot of the child in a family where children were born and died in infancy. As they believe, that the ring of the bell frightens off evil spirit.

In the course of the exhibition are presented archival photos with the children's clothes, games, in modern photos are embodied happy children. In the past our ancestors brought up children by means of such examples, national heritage, games and toys. They were also proud of the upbringing of rising generation. Thus noble traditions have reached up to now.