Turkmenistan – the heart of the Great Silk Road: region of White wheat and White gold
The State Museum of the State Cultural Center of Turkmenistan invites those who wishes to the theoretical and practical conference named «Turkmenistan – the heart of the Great Silk Road: region of white wheat and white gold» and exhibition of the same name in honour of the year «Turkmenistan – the heart of the Great Silk Road», which will be held on the 17-th of September 2018.
President of Turkmenistan
The primary intent of the agricultural sector, first, to strengthen food abundance in the country and to increase a number of high-quality agricultural production for export.
Turkmenistan, which was located at a crossing of the world roads, was in the centre of the big historical events. Since ancient times this earth is one of the prospering centres of culture of mankind and agriculture as well.
The revealing of the first signs of settled agriculture and animal breeding in the Central Asia, northwest from Ashgabat city near Jeytun village, is the important historical event. The finding of grains of white wheat in 1904 on hills of Аnаu as the result of excavation under the guidance of the American scientist R.Pampelli testifies to development of agriculture. Therefore, the Turkmen land is considered to be the region of white wheat.
Agriculture, being the basic branch of the Turkmens’ economy, took a great place in their life. As the result of the national selection, which was proceeded in the course of centuries, have been bred tens of stable sorts of cultivated plants. Tedjen wheat stable to the lack of water, Sakar melon «gulabi», local sorts of cotton, white durra, grape, fruit trees are the result of Turkmen selection.
According to the information of the Arab geographers in the Central Asia, including Merv in the V century B.C. has been developed cotton growing. Various fabrics were produced out of cotton and exported to foreign countries.
Every month of the year, declared «Turkmenistan – the heart of the Great Silk Road», is signified by notable events. On the 17-th os September 2018 at the State Museum of the State Cultural Center of Turkmenistan is held theoretical and practical conference named «Turkmenistan – the heart of the Great Silk Road: region of White wheat and White gold» and the exhibition of the same name. Here are exposed ancient agricultural labour tools, articles of everyday use, archival photos of the historical monuments connected with the Great Silk Road pictured in 30-50-s of the last century and artefacts found there. The exhibition is continued by the modern sorts of cotton and wheat, cotton goods, picture-carpets and photos about the achievements in agriculture.