The State Museum of the State Cultural Center of Turkmenistan invites those who wishes to the exhibition named “Respect to sacred water”, devoted to “A drop of water – a grain of gold” holiday, which will be held on the 1st of April 2017.

 

Respect to sacred water

 

Our people compare a drop of water to a grain of gold not without purpose. For a long time the agriculture which was one of the basic branches of a national economy, was conducted at a timely irrigation of areas under crops and supply of the population by the foodstuffs was directly connected with water. At the account of cost of output got from the crops it is known better, that each drop of water is not cheaper than a grain of gold.

In the past the places occupied by Turkmens, were enveloped by a system of old, irrigation aryks which was in the use and both coasts were 5-6 metres high. On the middle course and downstream of the Amudarya the majority of aryks take in water from the main channel of the river or from its inflows. A part of a stream of inflows peasants closed by the sheaves of branches or simple levees. Many aryks had two or three watersheds of various height. In particular, such event was seen at the places of destruction of banks of the Amudarya or, on the contrary, at the places remote from a water intake from inflows or from a channel of the river. The irrigation system Turkmens, who inhabited Khiva khanate in XIX – at the beginning of the XX century, was like in valleys of the middle course of the Amudarya. Turkmens of North Turkmenistan were engaged in estuary agriculture for a long time. Fair yield of that kind of agriculture depended on weather conditions and political situation. Irrigation system of the Murgab began with Кaushut khan dam and was stretched in steppe to the north-west, its majort part extended without branches into number of aryks. Irrigation system connected with the Tedjen river was formed the same way. Akhal, that is Kopetdag foothills were the most inconvenient places for irrigation. As far as here water reserve was limited, there was used small mountain rivers, springs and kyarizes. Cultivated area of West Turkmenistan was irrigated by the waters of the Etrek and its inflows Sumbar and Chendir.

At the State museum of the State cultural centre of Turkmenistan was organized an exhibition named “Respect to sacred water” and devoted to the holiday “A drop of water – a grain of gold”, which is celebrated every year on the first Sunday of April”. The exhibition begins with the annotation, where are written wise words of the honourable President Gurbanguly Berdymukhamedov about the value of water. Here is also exposed splendid jewellery presented to the honourable President, excellent carpets and carpet products, which glorify our amazing nature, works of known artists, showing a real value of the water, books about the relationship of water and land in our country, various ceramic vessels and other valuable exhibits.